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Causes and risk factors of Alcoholism

Causes and risk factors of Alcoholism

There is no single reason for alcoholism. In fact, there are many risk factors that play a role in the development of alcohol addiction. These risk factors interact differently in each person, causing some people to have alcohol use disorders, while others are not.

Both internal and external factors contribute to the development of alcoholism. Internal factors include heredity, mental condition, personality, personal choice and drinking history. External factors include family, environment, religion, social and cultural norms, age, education, and work conditions.

There are many factors that influence the development of alcohol addiction, so it is almost impossible to accurately predict whether an individual will develop alcoholism. Although individuals choose whether to start drinking or not, a large number of studies have shown that the development of alcoholism once drinking begins largely depends on individual control. Similarly, there is no single factor or group of factors that determine whether someone becomes an alcoholic.

Psychological factors:

Certain psychological conditions can greatly affect the likelihood that someone will develop alcoholism. For example, people with depression, bipolar disorder, and social anxiety are more likely to suffer from alcoholism. More than 40% of bipolar patients abuse or rely on alcohol, and about 20% of people with depression abuse or rely on alcohol.

Many people with mental illness turn to alcohol as a way to deal with the disease. For example, some people with schizophrenia claim that alcohol “settles” the sounds in their heads, while some people with depression claim that alcohol can boost their mood. This is especially common in individuals who have not been diagnosed or found to have unpleasant side effects. In addition, many psychological barriers can reduce an individual’s ability to perceive the reality of drinking or ignore risk and warning signs.

Personality factor:

Some people are more likely to drink alcohol than others. For example, individuals who are more likely to pursue or ignore risk are more likely to engage in heavy drinking, while those who are less suppressed are more likely. Much like genetics, personality factors are complex and interact. People who have always wanted to be a “party life” may become a heavy social drinker because they feel they are more “likable” when they are drunk, and extremely shy people may become a heavy drinker to reduce them. Discomfort in social situations. Individual expectations for drinking also play an important role. Alcoholism is more likely to occur in individuals who have a positive expectation of alcohol effects than individuals who have a negative expectation of alcohol effects.

Personal choice factor:

In terms of alcoholism, there are some aspects to personal choice. For example, a person who decides never to drink alcohol obviously does not develop alcoholism. In addition, those who choose to avoid social situations where drinking may occur are also less likely to cause alcohol abuse. However, once an individual starts drinking, personal choices have a much smaller impact on whether they become alcohol or not.

Drinking history:

A person’s drinking history has seriously affected the possibility of drinking alcohol. People who have a long history of drinking are more likely to become alcoholics than those who drink less. Similarly, people who drink too much alcohol are more likely to drink alcohol than those who drink less. The use of alcohol actually causes the brain to rely on alcohol again, and these effects are cumulative.


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