Freiburg Cathedral – Landmarks of Freiburg
In this article, I will introduce you to the splendid Freiburg Cathedral, telling you when and how to build, the features of the building and the things to be aware of when visiting. When I walked through my beautiful Freiburg hometown, it inevitably took me to Freiburg Cathedral, the city’s landmark. It stands in the middle of Piazza Duomo, surrounded by the old guards, historic department stores, beautiful cafes and the Wentzingerhaus, and now houses the City History Museum.
I can only advise everyone to stroll through the market on a beautiful sunny Saturday morning and see the cathedral from all directions. Of course, it will get the impression of this magnificent building from inside.
History of the cathedral
The Cathedral of the Virgin with the “most beautiful Christian tower” was built between 1200 and 1513. The history of the cathedral began in Duke Bertold V around 1200, and he hopes to build a cemetery for the Zähringer dynasty. The first part, such as the cross section of the side tower and the basement, was built in the late Romanesque style and is based on the Basel Cathedral. However, since 1230, the French Gothic style has changed.
Around 1300, a tall Gothic longhouse was built and the West Tower was completed in 1330. The three nave choirs began in 1354. Between 1368 and 1471, he was forced to rest due to lack of money. In 1513, the Münster choir was dedicated. The church choir of the high choir was completed in 1536, which is why this year marks the completion of the construction of the cathedral. In 1620, the last important component was the Renaissance vestibule on the south side of the cross-section.
During the Second World War, many impressive churches and buildings became victims and a small miracle took place in Freiburg. Although most of the city was completely bombed, the cathedral remained intact. More importantly, even the magnificent original windows of the 13th and 14th centuries, once donated by the Freiburg guild, can be retained because they were removed from the bombing attack and brought to safety. To commemorate their donors, they displayed various handicraft symbols such as pretzels, boots, grinding wheels or scissors.
These stained glass windows were also the first to hit me when I entered the beautiful but rather gloomy Münster. Especially on sunny days, they are especially effective. Surprised, I am heading towards the old age, which in turn may be the most important interior design. Hans Baldung Grien’s high altar is a winged altar that displays four Christmas pictures during the Christmas season. The theme is the news, visits, birth of Jesus and flight to Egypt.
The rest of the year showed that he was the middle image of Mary Coronation, surrounded by twelve apostles. The altar can be redesigned according to the church year. Jesus Christ was nailed to the back of the cross and can only be seen when visiting the church wreath. Eleven choirs revolve around the high altar. It is noteworthy at Lochererkapelle, created by Hans Sixt von Staufen on the altar carved in 1521-24.
Freiburg Cathedral is also famous today for its organ system. This four-part layout includes Marienorgel, Langschifforgel (Schwalbennestorgel) in the northern cross-section, Michaelskapelle and the chorus organ in the gallery below the tower. The latter has 144 stops in four manuals and pedals and is one of the largest organs in Germany and the world.
The cathedral bell consists of 19 bells with a total mass of about 25 tons. Therefore, the bells of the Freiburg Cathedral are one of the largest cathedral bells in Germany. The oldest bell in the bell is Hosanna in 1258, one of the oldest existing bells.