Salmonella rapid facts
Salmonella infection caused by Salmonella is one of the most frequently reported food borne diseases in the United States. Salmonella is characterized by a group of rod-shaped bacteria that cause diarrhea disease in humans. Prono: sal•mo•nel•la. The first “L” is pronounced, unlike the silent “L” in the squid, the fish.
It is estimated that there are 1.2 million cases of Salmonella per year in the United States. About 450 people die each year due to Salmonella. Salmonella lives in the gut of animals, including birds and humans. People are infected by eating food contaminated with animal waste. Food contaminated with Salmonella usually comes from animals such as beef, poultry, milk or eggs, but any food can be contaminated. It rarely affects the taste, smell or appearance of the food.
Salmonella includes more than 2,300 serotypes of bacteria. Salmonella serotypes Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis are the most common in the United States, accounting for half of all human infections. Salmonella typhimurium is most commonly found in animal-derived foods. Salmonella enteritidis is mainly associated with poultry and eggs. Recently, a special type of Salmonella typhimurium DT104 has emerged that is resistant to many antibiotics. Salmonella typhimurium DT104 can be found in a variety of foods. Salmonella was discovered by American veterinarian Daniel Elmer Salmon.
Symptoms and treatment:
Typical symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. Most people develop symptoms within 8 to 72 hours of ingesting contaminated food. Infections usually resolve within three to seven days, and mild cases usually do not require professional treatment. More serious cases require antibiotics. Salmonella infections can be life-threatening, especially for young children, pregnant women and their fetuses, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems. If not treated early, Salmonella infection can spread from the intestine to the bloodstream and cause death. A small number of people infected with Salmonella may develop Reiter syndrome, which causes painful urination, joint pain and eye irritation. This condition can last for months or years and can lead to chronic arthritis.
Avoid food cross-contamination. Separate uncooked meat from other foods. People infected with Salmonella should not prepare food for others. Proper storage and handling of food helps prevent the growth of Salmonella, and thorough cooking can destroy bacteria. Raw or under cooked meat or eggs and unprocessed or unprocessed dairy products should not be consumed. The product should be thoroughly cleaned. Wash your hands with soap after changing the diaper or using the restroom. Wash your hands after handling pets. Reptiles are particularly susceptible to carrying Salmonella because it can contaminate the skin. Salmonella is also frequently found in the intestines of chickens and young birds.
The most serious food borne disease outbreak: the number of Salmonella infections associated with cucumbers continues to soar. According to more than 800 cases reported by the Center for Disease Control, this year’s outbreak has killed four people.
Tuna: Salmonella in a frozen raw yellow fin tuna product called Nakaochi Scrape, which caused 425 people to be sick and 55 hospitalized in the spring and summer of 2012. This year, sushi made from frozen raw tuna was associated with 62 Salmonella. The following are the most serious outbreaks of food borne illness since 2001.
Hami Melon: In 2001, cantaloupe once again became the culprit. In an outbreak in Mexico, Salmonella contaminated fruit that killed two people, nine people were hospitalized and infected 50 people.
Deli meat: In 2002, a slice of turkey infected with Listeria died 8 people and infected 46 people. Three pregnant women died of fetal death. After the outbreak, the two processing plants recalled 30 million pounds of meat.
Roman tomatoes: Pre-cut Roma tomatoes purchased at the delicatessen counter at Sheetz in the summer of 2004 infected more than 400 people. Two other smaller outbreaks in the US and Canada also occurred that summer, and the Florida house associated with tomato packaging